OSHA was created and established by congress in 1974. In the 1960s work-related accidents and injuries increased 20%. It was time for OSHA to be established. House Representative William A. Steiger worked very hard to get the bill passed that would create OSHA. December 29, 1970, President Richard M. Nixon signed The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. Three organizations where born Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Their job would be to make and enforce workplace safety, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) who would conduct experiments pretending to work-place safety, and the last was the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC).
The first month that OSHA was open was April of 1971. They covered 56 million workers at 3.5 million different businesses. OSHA‘s first chore was to put together a staff. After getting a staff together, it established standards at such institutions as the National Fire Protection Organization, American National Standards Institution, and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist. Congress gave OSHA two years to get all its basic standards put into action. Any other Standards put into motion would come about by standard rule making. On May 29, 1971 OSHA had started its first standards.
In 1972 the first states to come up with plans under OSHA were Montana, South Carolina, and Oregon. Over the years OSHA has grown to the point that now there are twenty four states and two territories that all cover local, state, and private sector employees. New York, Connecticut, and New Jersey only have plans that cover public employees. Many States have started their own OSHA programs that provide health training, safety, and education.
When Did OSHA Start?
In the mid-1970s, OSHA created its first training program in Chicago. The purpose of the training program was to teach its inspectors, and give employees and employers training on safety standards. In 1975 OSHA had state authorities give free onsite consolation programs. In the 1980’s OSHA began to focus more on medical and exposure records. In the 80’s OSHA really started to target groups that dealt with hazardous materials. In 1986 OSHA started posing harsh penalties on companies who where in constant violation of their hazardous material codes. Twenty five stated during the 80s started their own OSHA programs that meet the OSHA standards.
In the 90’s OSHA went back over all its rules and regulations and tried to find better ways to redefine its standards. This time they started to focus more on the companies that had the worse track records with employee injury and illness. The biggest change was they really started to get a move on it when they received employee complaints and really tried to do away with a lot of the red tape.
In 2000 OSHA decided to take on the next phase and started to really focus on educating employers and employees. The website started to become a lot more popular with companies providing information for people. OSHA also developed a poster that gave people the ability to report all misdoings not just ones that were life treating.
How OSHA Was Established
The road for OSHA has been long and hard. They have fought and one many battles for the people. Since the company started back in 1974 they have worked very hard on constantly trying to improve OSHA’s standards and providing a much better work environment for people across the United States. I hope this has helped answer your questions about when OSHA was established and the various aspects of how it has come to be created today.